Quick Answer: What Are The 4 Types Of Non Communicable Disease?

What is not a communicable disease?

A non-communicable disease (NCD) is a disease that is not transmissible directly from one person to another.

NCDs include Parkinson’s disease, autoimmune diseases, strokes, most heart diseases, most cancers, diabetes, chronic kidney disease, osteoarthritis, osteoporosis, Alzheimer’s disease, cataracts, and others..

Who risk factors for noncommunicable?

Most noncommunicable diseases are the result of four particular behaviours (tobacco use, physical inactivity, unhealthy diet, and the harmful use of alcohol) that lead to four key metabolic/physiological changes (raised blood pressure, overweight/obesity, raised blood glucose and raised cholesterol).

What’s the difference between a disease and a virus?

“Any submicroscopic agent that infects living organisms, is made of a single or double strand of RNA or DNA surrounded by a protein coat, and is unable to replicate without a host cell.” When a virus finds a host, multiplies, and spreads, it can become a disease.

What are the 10 non communicable diseases?

Alzheimer’s Disease.Cancer.Epilepsy.Osteoarthritis.Osteoporosis.Cerebrovascular Disease (Stroke)Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)Coronary Artery Disease.More items…

What are the 4 main NCDs that are the focus of who?

The rise of NCDs has been driven by primarily four major risk factors: tobacco use, physical inactivity, the harmful use of alcohol and unhealthy diets.

How can I permanently cure asthma naturally?

Here are 13 complementary therapies you can try for your asthma.Dietary changes. Although there’s no specific diet for people with severe asthma, there are a few steps you can take that may help with your symptoms. … Buteyko Breathing Technique. … Papworth method. … Garlic. … Ginger. … Honey. … Omega-3 oils. … Caffeine.More items…•

What are the 5 non communicable diseases?

Non-Communicable DiseasesAlzheimer’s.Asthma.Cataracts.Chronic Kidney Disease.Chronic Lung Disease.Diabetes.Fibromyalgia.Heart Disease.More items…•

What causes non infectious diseases?

Instead, noninfectious diseases are generally caused by genetic or environmental factors other than pathogens, such as toxic environmental exposures or unhealthy lifestyle choices. Most noninfectious diseases have a complex, multifactorial set of causes, often including a mix of genetic and environmental variables.

What are examples of communicable diseases?

Some examples of reportable communicable disease include HIV, hepatitis A, B and C, measles, salmonella, measles, and blood-borne illnesses. Most common forms of spread include fecal-oral, food, sexual intercourse, insect bites, contact with contaminated fomites, droplets, or skin contact.

What are the 4 main types of non communicable diseases?

Noncommunicable – or chronic – diseases are diseases of long duration and generally slow progression. The four main types of noncommunicable diseases are cardiovascular diseases (like heart attacks and stroke), cancer, chronic respiratory diseases (such as chronic obstructed pulmonary disease and asthma) and diabetes.

Is obesity a non communicable diseases?

obesity is associated with an elevated risk of several major non-communicable diseases, including type 2 diabetes, coronary heart disease, stroke, asthma, and several cancers.

What are the 10 communicable diseases?

Communicable diseasesInfluenza. Norovirus. Mumps. Tuberculosis.Pertussis. Zika virus. West Nile virus.Ebola. Chikungunya virus. Coronavirus (COVID-19)

What is the most non contagious disease in the world?

Cardiovascular diseases account for most NCD deaths, or 17.9 million people annually, followed by cancers (9.0 million), respiratory diseases (3.9million), and diabetes (1.6 million).

What are the most common communicable diseases?

List of Communicable DiseasesMeasles.MRSA.Pertussis.Rabies.Sexually Transmitted Disease.Shigellosis.Tuberculosis.West Nile Virus. Zika.More items…

Is leprosy contagious by touch?

Doctors aren’t exactly sure how leprosy is spread. Leprosy is not very contagious. You can’t catch it by touching someone who has the disease. Most cases of leprosy are from long-term contact with someone who has the disease.

What are some examples of non communicable diseases?

The four main types of noncommunicable diseases include cardiovascular disease, cancer, chronic respiratory disease, and diabetes….Chronic respiratory diseasechronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)asthma.occupational lung diseases, such as black lung.pulmonary hypertension.cystic fibrosis.

Is asthma a non communicable diseases?

Key facts. Asthma is one of the major noncommunicable diseases. It is a chronic disease of the air passages of the lungs which inflames and narrows them.

Can asthma go away?

Asthma can go away, although this happens more often when asthma starts in childhood than when it starts in adulthood. When asthma goes away, sometimes that’s because it wasn’t there in the first place. Asthma can be surprisingly hard to diagnose. The three main symptoms are wheezing, coughing, and shortness of breath.

What are the 3 types of asthma?

Types of AsthmaAdult-Onset Asthma. Can you get asthma as an adult? … Allergic Asthma. Learn about the triggers and treatment for allergic asthma and how an allergist can help you manage allergy and asthma symptoms.Asthma-COPD Overlap. … Exercise-Induced Bronchoconstriction (EIB) … Nonallergic Asthma. … Occupational Asthma.

What are the prevention of non communicable disease?

Reducing the major risk factors for noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) – tobacco use, physical inactivity, unhealthy diet and the harmful use of alcohol – is the focus of WHO’s work to prevent deaths from NCDs.

Why are deficiency disease called non communicable diseases?

These are called non-communicable diseases: Inherited genetic disorders like cystic fibrosis can be passed to offspring but not to anyone else. Deficiency diseases which are caused by a lack of essential vitamins or minerals , such as scurvy which occurs when an individual has insufficient vitamin C.